For some years now, I have been working with Prof. Emeritus Victor Yngve and several other linguists to develop Professor Yngve's Hard Science Linguistics (HSL). HSL is a non-grammatical linguistics. To some, the idea of having a linguistics that does not talk about grammars is almost a contradiction in terms. It is not. HSL is the first linguistic theory that can justifiably claim to be a science on the par with physics, chemistry, etc. While some other schools of linguistics have also made this claim, only HSL has a formalism that uses standard scientific theories and techniques with which to support the claims of HSL researchers and to guide their studies. Note the date at the bottom of the page. Because of publication lag, some citations may change over time.
This page will expand over the next few months to include links to other HSL sites and papers and perhaps a brief introduction to HSL itself. The papers that appear in the following table are roughly in chronological order.
|The handling of texts and reading (co-authored with Victor Yngve)||First exploration of what the notion of text means for HSL||Presented at the 2004 Annual Conference of the Societas Linguisticaea Europaea (SLE) Lilliansand, Norway|
|A Hard Science Linguistics look a some aspects of criminal litigation in contemporary New Jersey||This paper uses some observations from criminal trials to test Austin's notion of the performative utterance, especially the type called the verdictive||in Yngve, Victor and Wasik, Zdislaw, Hard Science Linguistics, Continuum, NY 2004|
|A Hard Science Linguistics look at Performative Utterances|
|Lottery Betting||More testing of Austin's performative utterances (I bet)||in Yngve, Victor and Wasik, Zdislaw, Hard Science Linguistics, Continuum, NY 2004|
|The Powerpoint presentation that supported the above paper||The presentation shows the physical environment referred to in the paper.|
|A Powerpoint presentation describing my observations of lottery betting in the Berlin Zoo.||The observations were completely unplanned. They are described in these notes. The observations are consistent with those mentioned in the above paper.||Not presented|
|Recent advances regarding the effects of the surroundings on communicative behavior||Summary of the then-current status of my work on the effects of surroundings on communicative behavior||Presented at the 40th Colloquium of Linguistics, Moscow, 2005|
|Austin and Same Sex Marriage||Analysis of Austin's performative utterances (I now pronounce you man and wife) using the contemporary discussions about same-sex marriage in the United States and Canada as data||LACUS Forum, 2006|
|Hard-Science Linguistics as a Formalism to Computerize Models of Communicative Behavior||This was presented at the ICCIT Conference at Montclair State University in 2001 and is a first examination of the use of HSL theory and notation as a basis for computer modeling.||in International Computing and Information Technologies - Exploring Emerging Technologies, ed. George Antoniou and Dorothy Deremer, World Scientific, River Edge, NJ and Singapore, 2001|
|Domain Confusion||This paper describes what domain confusion is and the detrimental effects that domain confusion has on linguistics. Domain confusion can be generalized to include all disciplines, not just linguistics.||LACUS Forum, 2007|
|The Meaning of Meaning||A Powerpoint presentation about the traditional (Saussurian) definition of meaning, explaining the problems with the definition and HSL's take on those problems. This is a very large download (48 meg)||presented at the HSL workshop LACUS Conference, Darmouth University, 2006|
|Meaning and the Unexpected||This paper is an expansion of the workshop presentation mentioned above.||presented at the Ars Grammatica Conference, Minsk State Linguistic University, Minsk, Belarus, 2007|
|A Theory about the Effect the Surroundings have on how People Communicate||A somewhat formal summary of the previous papers on the surroundings (physical context) of people communicating with each other with proposed definitions. This paper is the basis for the second PYTHON program listed below.||Proceedings of Voronezh State University, Voronezh, Russia (in press) (in Russian - the English original is posted here)|
|Snake in the Grass||A paper about the effects on context on meaning and ambiguity resolution.||Language, Communication and Social Environment, Issue 6, Voronezh State University, 2008. (in Russian. The English version is posted here.)|
|Computers and Linguistics||This paper was delivered at the 2011 LACUS Conference held at the University of Toledo, OH. It begins a critique of natural language processing and computational linguistics from an HSL perspective.||Cite as presented at the 2011 LACUS Conference, Toledo, OH. NOTE: this paper has been accepted for publication so you might wish to append "in press" to any citation.|
HSL models can be translated into computer programs. We have recently been exploring how effective PYTHON is for writing programs that encapsulate HSL models. So far, PYTHON has shown promise.
To run the scripts below, you will need a complete PYTHON system installed on your computer (or have the portable version installed on a thumb drive). If you do not have PYTHON, you get it from the official website. PYTHON is free and is available for most operating sysytems.
The samples below are attempts to see whether ALICE, a program designed to teach elementary programming concepts using 3-D animation, might be useful as a linguistic tool. ALICE makes simple 3-D animations simple to create but allows a significant amount of control over the animation using traditional program techniques. The animations are not as sophisticated as those which can be made using dedicated 3-D animation programs such as BLENDER or BRYCE.
Please note that there are two ways of distributing ALICE worlds (this is what ALICE files are called). The worlds can be made available for download or they can be saved as a JAVA applet and embedded in a web page. Both methods are used here. There are benefits and drawbacks to both methods. First, ALICE worlds are big files, so downloads of the worlds might be slow. On the other hand, there is an apparent bug in the part of ALICE which saves worlds as a JAVA applets. The say method does not produce baloon text in JAVA applets, which, itself, limits this distribution method as a useful linguistic tool. Please note that the worlds embedded in web pages cannot be viewed off-line. The applet calls code located on one of Carnegie Mellon's servers to run. If you wish to view a world off-line, download the world's code rather than the web page. As noted on the web pages, you will have to install some JAVA programs on your computer in order to view the worlds through a web page. There is a link on each page which takes you to the download location for the programs you will need. The programs are free and easy to install. They are not part of the standard JAVA installation.
The first three worlds in the table below represent the linkages described in the Snake in the grass paper above.
|WORLD code||WORLD code embedded in a web page|
|The field linkage world||The field linkage web page|
|The street linkage world||The street linkage web page|
|The warehouse linkage world||The warehouse linkage web page|